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How Long Should Children Sleep?

How Long Should Children Sleep?

idhealt.com How Long Should Children Sleep?. Sleep is one of the needs of children. Just like nutrition, sleep also affects the growth and development of children. Adequate sleep duration for children gives children enough energy to build brain connections. However, sometimes children find it difficult to sleep, even though children need more sleep duration than adults. How much sleep do children need?

The importance of getting adequate sleep duration for children

Before discussing the amount of sleep your child needs, maybe you should also know what benefits your child will get when he or she fulfills the amount of sleep he needs.

1. Helps growth and development

One of the most important benefits that children get from sleeping is that it helps their growth and development. Yes, you might not think this happens during sleep, but it turns out that the peak growth hormone in children is released when the child reaches the deepest sleep time. Although actually a child’s growth hormone is released throughout the day.

2. Helps maintain heart health

Experts suspect sleep can protect children from damage to blood vessels caused by circulating stress hormones. Children who usually experience sleep disorders have excessive brain stimulation during sleep, this may trigger the release of excessive stress hormones.

3. Helps maintain weight

Adequate sleep duration for children can also maintain a child’s weight. Some evidence suggests that getting too little sleep can cause a child to be overweight. Lack of sleep may affect the hormone leptin, the hormone that signals satiety. Children who are sleep deprived may experience a disturbed satiety response, so they will continue to eat and will gain weight.

4. Helps maintain immunity

Children who are sleep deprived may be more prone to getting sick. Yes, during sleep it turns out that the body also produces proteins that can fight infection, disease and stress. These proteins are called cytokines. The less duration of sleep a child has, this will affect the number of cytokines in the body, so that the child is more susceptible to illness.

5. Help improve learning ability

Even though the baby is sleeping, it turns out that the baby’s brain is still working. It’s also been shown in research by Columbia University Medical Center that newborns actually learn at bedtime, quoted from Parents.

Not only when you are a baby, it turns out that sleep also develops the learning abilities of children at all ages. That is why sleep is needed by children, if the child does not get enough sleep at night, the child can suffice it during the day. Sleeping during the day and at night, both provide benefits to children.

How much sleep does a child need?

Babies and children need adequate sleep duration to help their rapid physical and mental development. The amount of sleep that babies and children need varies according to their age. As reported by the National Sleep Foundation, the following is a child’s sleep duration needs according to their age:

Newborn (age 0-3 months)

Newborns need 14-17 hours of sleep a day. This sleep duration is not spent in one sleep, but in several and irregular sleep times. Usually newborns will sleep for 1-3 hours in one sleep, the baby will wake up if he needs to eat or to change his diaper.

Babies aged 4-11 months

Babies of this age need 12-15 hours of sleep a day. Babies at this age will usually take two naps during the day. At the age of 6 months, babies usually don’t wake up in the middle of the night to ask for breastfeeding, they will spend the night sleeping soundly. Maybe this will be done at the age of 9 months on some other babies.

1-2 years old

Children aged 1-2 years need 11-14 hours of sleep a day. When the child turns 18 months, usually the child will only take his nap time for one time and this usually lasts for 1-3 hours. It is better if the child’s nap is done during the day because if it is close to night this can interfere with the child’s nighttime sleep.

Children aged 3-5 years

When the child is 3 years old, the child’s sleep duration decreases. Children aged 3-5 years need sleep for 10-13 hours a day. At this age some children usually have difficulty falling asleep and waking up at night. Children’s imagination is growing, making children at this age may be afraid when going to sleep and can have nightmares.

Children aged 6-13 years

The duration of sleep that children need when they are 6-13 years old is 9-11 hours. Perhaps it is difficult to meet this sleep duration because at this age children are already spending more time outside the home to carry out their activities, such as school, exercising, playing, and others. In addition, children at this age have also begun to be interested in spending time in front of the television or computer. Things like this can disrupt sleep time.

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